Nearly half of the estimated 56 million abortions performed worldwide every year are unsafe and women in poor countries face even higher risks due to US funding cuts to family planning programs abroad, health experts say.
US President Donald Trump has reinstated a policy that requires foreign NGOs that receive US global family planning funds to certify that they do not perform abortions or provide abortion advice as a method of family planning.
Worldwide, 25 million unsafe abortions occurred every year between 2010 and 2014, according to a report by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Guttmacher Institute. Some 97 per cent of those are in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
“Nearly half of abortions in the world are unsafe. And that is surprising because safe abortion is a simple intervention, scientifically speaking,” said Dr Bela Ganatra of WHO department’s of reproductive health and research.
“There is an association between highly restrictive laws and unsafe abortion,” she told a news briefing.
All women and girls need access to sex education and effective contraception to avoid unwanted pregnancies and get safe abortion services if desired, Ganatra said.
Uruguay, Nepal and Ethiopia have made safe abortion accessible in recent years, she added. Ireland plans to hold a referendum next May or June on whether it should loosen some of the world’s strictest abortion laws, Prime Minister Leo Varadkar said on Tuesday.
Around 88 per cent of abortions occur in developing countries, where contraception is often lacking, said Dr Gilda Sedgh, principal research scientist at the Guttmacher Institute.